In the above example we have used centimetres to calculate capacity in cubic centimetres.
Cylinder capacity is the total engine displacement divided by the number of cylinders.
Compressed volume is the area above the piston crown when the piston is at its highest point or top dead centre (TDC).
Measure the volume of the cylinder and/or piston chambers using a suitable burette filled with paraffin. Calculate the volume of the gasket and deck height areas and add these to the chamber volume to arrive at the total compressed volume. Some engines with irregular piston crown shapes, especially raised areas, may be difficult to quantify with any degree of accuracy. In such cases it is best to measure the compressed area with the cylinder head fitted. Make sure the piston is at TDC and seal the gap between the cylinder wall and the piston with grease (this will prevent seepage past the rings giving a false reading).
Refit gasket and cylinder head and measure the volume through the spark plug hole.
NOTE: The spark plug hole must be at the highest point when carrying out this procedure.
|Calculation:||(Cylinder volume + compressed volume) ÷ compressed volume.|
|Example:||2000cc 4 cylinder engine with a compressed volume of 54cc's|
|Solution:||One cylinder = 2000cc ÷ 4 = 500cc
(500cc + 54cc) ÷ 54cc = 554cc ÷ 54 = 10.26 or 10.26:1 compression ratio
The maximum airflow through any valve occurs when it has been lifted 25% of its diameter. For example, a 38mm (1.5") valve will require a lift of no more than 9.5mm (.375") and a 45mm (1.770") valve a lift of 11.25mm (.443") to reach their maximum flow capabilities.